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Depression is a significant mental health disorder affecting the brain, influenced by factors like biochemical, genetic, environmental, and psychological elements. It extends beyond transient sadness, with symptoms lasting weeks to years, hindering daily functioning and causing a lack of interest or pleasure. Symptoms vary among individuals, and those with questions should seek guidance from a medical professional.

Categories of Depression

The types of depression include: 

(1.) Major Depressive Disorder;  Also known as clinical depression, is where people feel that a consistent dark mood is consuming them for greater than 2 weeks. It can inhibit daily functions and cause them to lose interest in activities which usually provide them pleasure.

(2.) Persistent Depressive Disorder refers to when a low mood lasts for two or more years in adults and at least one year in children an adolescents. A person with this disorder may experience episodes of major depressive disorder along with periods of less severe symptoms where they are typically able to function day-to-day.

(3.) Postpartum Depression affects women after having a baby. It causes intense, long-lasting feelings of anxiety, sadness, and fatigue, making it difficult for mothers to care for themselves and/or their babies, as well as handle daily responsibilities. Postpartum depression can start anywhere from weeks to months after childbirth.

(4.) Psychotic Depression is a form of depression with psychosis that comes when people get very depressed, such as delusions (false beliefs) and/or hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that are not there).

(5.) Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is associated with changes in seasons. This form of depression usually occurs during the fall and winter months when there is less sunlight. SAD usually improves during Spring and Summer months.

(6.) Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depressive) is different than depression, but a person diagnosed with bipolar disorder can experience episodes of major depression with manic or hypomanic behaviors.

Remedies for Depression

In the United States there are more than 20 million people who have depression. Coping with the symptoms require learning new skills. Treatment increases the chances of learning skills to manage symptoms and living a successful life. However, many never seek help or treatment. There are mental health stigmas that cause people not to seek help or share with family and friends about what they’re experiencing. They decide to isolate and suffer in silence due to being afraid, ashamed, or being discriminated.  An appointment with a physician is necessary to be diagnosed with depression and prescribe treatment. Some treatments include medication, talk therapy, and Brain stimulation therapy such as ECT.

Conclusion

If you are dealing with depression  reach out for help and support. Isolation is not a viable option. It takes courage to recognize that you need help and seek treatment. There are also lifestyle changes you can make. Practice self-care, learn about the signs and symptoms of your depression, know the 24/7 988lifeline  number, connect with a peer support community, educate family and friends, set small goals, celebrate your progress, and commit to compliant.